|Written by OXIMA|
|Wednesday, 12 May 2010 18:35|
National Handicrafts and Handlooms Museum (India)Pragati Maidan, Bhairon Road, New Delhi-110001
The National Handicrafts and Handlooms Museum (NHHM) commonly known as Crafts Museum in New Delhi is one of the largest crafts museum in India. Today, the museum owns collection of more than 20 000 items of folk art, including textiles, ceramics, wood carving and stone, embroidery and painting. The age of such samples counts more of 300 years. In general, it is ritual accessories, and also daily life objects from various regions of India. The museum has a library, restoration workshop, photo lab and the auditorium for various scientific activities.
The Chung Young Yang Embroidery Museum at Sookmyung Women’s University (Korea)Yongsan-gu, Seoul, South Korea
This university was founded in 1906, and the museum of embroidery in it opened in May 2004. Fixed assets of the museum are objects of the East Asian costume and decorative art. Permanent collection includes the religious clothes, military uniforms, screens, wedding clothes, costume accessories, and home environments, used by all social classes.
Housed in a newly constructed building, which includes exhibition halls, an information center, a library, classrooms and the 300-member auditorium, equipped with headphones for simultaneous translation, the museum aims to become the leading educational center in the field of both embroidery, and other textile arts.
Museum of Ukrainian towel (Ukraine)
Museum of Ukrainian embroidered towel located in the architecture and life of the Middle Dnieper museum in the unique church, architecture monument of XVII century. (1615), relocated from the village Pishchik of Skvirsky district, Kiev region. Museum opened it exhibition for visitors in 1995. In the reserve "Pereyaslav" stored and exhibited around 4000 towels (including a Nature Reserve is located in the Museum of Applied Art). In the same museum towel represented 300 towels from different regions of Ukraine (Kiev, Poltava, Chernigov, Cherkassy regions and Polesie). Here are Pereyaslav woven towels, like Polish, famous krolivets and many other kinds of towels from the rest regions of Ukraine: embroidered "cross", woven, monastery, embroidered "tambour stitching", performed with openwork technique.
In addition, I would like to mention the museum of embroidery and needlework, which is located in Reshetilovka, Poltava region. Reshetilovka - famous center of weaving, embroidery and carpet weaving: it is enough to remind the fact that it was the work of local artist Nadezhda Babenko - a tapestry entitled "Tree of Life" - decorates the Blue Room of UN in New York. Besides it, in Reshetilovka works, perhaps the onest professional lyceum, that teaches about a hundred techniques of embroidery and four techniques creating tapestries.
In addition to the mentioned museums, on the territory of Ukraine locates a number of embroidery museums: Vashkovtsy in Khmelnytsky region, Kozelec in Chernihiv region, the museum of embroidery Blazheyovsky in Lviv. A large collection of embroidery collected at the Museum of Ukrainian Decorative Folk Art, located on the territory of the Kiev-Pechersk Historical and Cultural Reserve.
Chernigiv Museum of Folk arts and crafts (Ukraine)
This museum is located in building Catherine's Church - memorial of architecture of the XVIII century. The museum exhibition tells about popular decorative art of Chernigov at XVIII-XX centuries.
The folk embroidery represented widely and fully in the museum. Here is how the towels, which captures a whole world of folk beliefs that are enclosed in a concise geometric and intricate vegetal ornamentation. Restrained color palette inherent to regional embroidery- red in combination with blue, red and white, only red or only white.
Using multiple techniques makes Chernigov towels unusually attractive. On the traditional embroidery Chernigov "whiteness" the greatest representation of women make shirts. Favorite motifs - diamonds, rosettes, stars. Their whimsical interweaving creates patterns that are similar to the rime, and red or black blotches in the ornament attached to things of special delicacy. On the showcases are placed the ornaments, made of expensive silk and gold threads, beads. They were decorated things of gentry living in the XVIII, And labored over their creation folk masters.
Silk museum (China)
Suzhou is the birthplace of silk and the world center of the masters of embroidery silk. There is even the Institute of silk embroidery. Suzhou silk embroidery technique appeared more than 2000 years ago, and, thanks to the constant honing of skill, passed from generation to generation, gradually attained perfection. There were times when in Suzhou almost every family engaged in cultivation of silkworms to produce silk threads used for embroidery. Suzhou embroidery is included in the "Quartet" of famous schools of Chinese embroidery of its superior technology, sophistication and elegance. In the XV century, during its peak, Suzhou, which is also called "Venice of China" for its numerous channels, was the largest producer of silk in the world.
Today, when the former glory of Suzhou has long been lost, the city has managed to retake the world silk leadership, but this time in the field of artistic embroidery. At the beginning of XX century silk embroidery technique has improved significantly and there was a "realistic embroidery" - that this technique was performed embroidered portrait of Lina, Queen of Italy, which was presented to Italy in 1909 as a public gift, and this became a worldwide sensation.
The process of creating an embroidered picture requires an enormous expenditure of labor master Embroidery: on average, an embroidered picture created in a few months of continuous and hard work, and some of works the master embroider over a year. In the Museum you can admire the best of silk fabrics, silk products and embroidery, and get acquainted with their production, which scores more than 5000 years.
However, the museum in Suzhou is not the only museum in China, dedicated to embroidery. In China, there are both large museums (Museum of silk and embroidered with the Research Institute of embroidery and embroidery Museum in Beijing), and small private collections. How such a collection of private collector Zhang Lunyuan living in the city of Kunming, the capital of the southern province of Yunnan, and created its own "museum of embroidery, which exhibited more than 2100 samples of embroidery.
As the son of the old collector, his father all his life fond of collecting products with embroidery and old decided to create their own museum. All the products are created in Jianshui, which is a famous cultural city of Yunnan province. The oldest items are more than 150 years ago. Zhang Lunyuan began collecting favorite products since 1949, and for more than 50 years, he visited all the local and surrounding villages, and spent all his savings to purchase a collection of exhibits.
The Textile Museum (USA)2320 S Street, NW
Washington, DC 20008-4088
This museum was founded in 1925, by George Hewitt Myers and today is one of the most famous museums, specializing in the subject. The museum is located in two buildings, one of them - is the home of the founder of the museum, and in the second building - the exposition of the museum. The museum has one of the world's finest collections of early Islamic and Coptic textiles. Also, museum exibites collections of textiles from India, South East and Central Asia, Persia, Turkey and Greece. In addition, you can see samples of textiles from Africa, China and Japan. Today, the museum funds have more than 18000 samples.
Ryazan State Regional Art Museum named of I.P. Pozhalostin (Russia)
The museum was founded in 1913 by representatives of the local intellectuals. It is located in a mansion built late XVIII - early XIX centuries. Is an architectural monument of Russian classicism. The museum has presented a rich collection of Mikhailov lace, Sapozhkov weaving, and embroidery of Kadom.
All-Russia museum of decorative and folk art (Russia)
This museum contains a very interesting collection of embroidery and beads, which are concentrated samples of Russian peasant household embroidery XVIII - early XX centuries., Objects created in the monastery, the landed and urban workshops in the XIX - early XX centuries. As well as products from beads end XVIII - early XX centuries. General, in Russia there are many museums, which keep the remarkable collection of folk embroidery and lace. This museum of embroidery, located in the Kremlin of Veliky Novgorod, the museums of art embroidery in Torzhok in Pereslavl-Zaleski, the Museum of church Antiquities, located on the territory of the Rostov Kremlin, lace museum in Perm, and embroidery museum in Graivoron Belgorod region.
Museum of traditional embroidery and jewelry cases (Lefkara, Cyprus)
Museum of traditional embroidery and silverware belongs to the Patsalos family, is located in the village Lefkara, 40 km. from Larnaca. Lefkara - a picturesque village, famous for its lace "Lefkaritika" and silverware. According to legend, Leonardo da Vinci visited the village and gained a coating for the chancel, which he then presented a gift to the Duomo Cathedral. They even say that da Vinci made a few sketches for embroidery and presented them to masters at Lefkara. Since then, there born the famed "pattern of Leonardo”, which is certainly present among the other ornaments of lefkaritika " in any gift shop.
The main motive of which, one way or another, is present in all Cypriot embroideries, this is without a doubt, a variation on the diamond. Another of the most prevalent can be considered as ornament consisting of a number of figures of geometric shapes (such a pattern is figuratively called "boys and girls"). Typically, woven items decorated with embroidery stripe running along the length of the product. Embroidery, performed by white threads “levkokentima" was born in Cyprus in ancient times. Geometric ornament, inherent in all traditional Cypriot embroidery, performed by a special kind of stitches. As expected, this type of stitches was replicated from the Middle Eastern embroidery. "White embroidery" were engaged throughout the island. However, the most advanced techniques and the most intricate designs were created in Lefkara. In the name of the village began to call themselves there the works of masters - "lefkaritika”.
It is believed that "lefkaritika" (another name in Cyprus – “tagiades ") has a Venetian origin. Initially l lefkaritika embroidery was done on cotton or silk fabrics. Then began to use the local flax production. Now the embroidery is also done on flax, but imported - French or Irish. Color "lefkaritiki" can be white, beige or pistachio shade.
In this german museum of embroidery placed one of the oldest and richest private collections of folk art. The museum is located in the Palace "Printsengarten", built in 1770 in the Rococo style. Collectors Elfi and Hans-Joachim Konneman contributed over 200 square meters of area, for the exposure, which was collected during 20 years. There is a permanent exhibition, covering 4 centuries period of folk art development, which represented by more than 300 models from all over Europe. Here you can see the magnificent old Italian delicate lace, rich collection of lace Retichelly, whose age is estimated from around 1600, hem length of 5,30 meters. In addition you can see here one of the first album of modes, for example, an fashion embroidery album of Johann Sibmaher, 1601
Bukhara state architectural art museum-reserve (Uzbekistan)
Collection of Embroidery museum has more than 586 samples.
Embroidery of Bukhara region presented by schools of Bukhara, Shafirkan, Gijduvan, Nur-Ata, Urgut, Shakhrisabz - this decorative panels (Syuzane), bedspreads, curtains, table cloths, prayer rugs, finishing tape, covers for pillows, mirrors, tea cups.
The pride of the museum's collections are the bridal veil - syuzane XIX - early XX centuries., Antique embroidery from major Central Asian centers of this art form. General view of embroidery, its pattern, size - everything depends on the purpose of the product. The largest covers - syuzane (translated from the farce " needle sewing ") appear as a single panel with a central field and the border. Old blankets were made of unpainted cotton mats, handicrafts. Until the second half of the XIX century they were embroidered with silk thread, dyed with natural dyes.
The pattern of bands by tissue sharpened reed - Kalam cause specially invited painter - kalyamkash. Bands embroidered each separately and then sewn together. It should be noted that in Bukhara, Samarkand, Tashkent, Dzhizak, Ura-Tube, etc. masters used in the work of its own patterns and combinations of embroidery stitches. For example, large syuzanes of Shahrisabz without even millimeter of free background, dotted with tiny crosses Iroko, which create the impression of a beautiful carpet pattern.
Museum of Uzbekistan Applied Art (Uzbekistan)
This museum presents traditional Uzbek hand embroidery.
Museum of Korean Embroidery (Seoul, Korea)
Embroidery Museum was opened in 1976 and it is a private museum, established by the personal funds of Mrs. Ho Dong Hwa. Acquaints its visitors with the art of embroidery Choseon Dynasty age. In museum is a permanent exhibition, covering a period of centuries-old art of embroidery, and illustrates the most beautiful examples of these works of art of old masters Choseon Dynasty (1392 ~ 1910): embroidery on fabric, leather, etc. The exhibition presents more than a thousand samples. The museum keeps the samples of embroidery with the Buddhist ornaments, embroidered clothing, tapestries, etc. Since 1978, the exhibition "Korean embroidery, 500 years of history ". Approximately twenty times presented in the State Museum of Korea, as well as a huge success held in the museums of other countries - the U.S., Japan, etc. In addition, the museum has been released book on the Korean traditional types of needlework.
Embroiderer's Guild museum collection (UK)Apt 41 Hampton Court Palace, Surrey KT8 9AU UK
The Embroiderers' Guild museum houses a collection of over 11,000 embroidered objects. The collection is of national significance as a resource of inspiration for artists, and for the study of the material evidence of many cultures.
Museum embroidery Han San-soo (Seoul, Korea)
This museum is dedicated to traditional Korean embroidery. The museum embroidery Han San Suu, located in a traditional Korean village "Pukchhon Hanok" in the Kahwa-dong district of Seoul, you can see the works of masters of hand embroidery San Soo Han, who developed the technique of hand embroidery of Korean traditional patterns, which is a valuable legacy in the field of embroidery and intangible treasure Korea number 80.